Category Archives: Taxation




Sajid Javid has set the date for his first Budget on Wednesday 11th March 2020.  The Budget is the opportunity for the Chancellor to deliver an overview of how the UK economy is doing based on a five-year forecast for the economy and public finances as produced by the Office of Budget Responsibility, an independent body.

This is Sajid’s first Budget and he will be keen to make his mark and set out his personal style for future Budgets to come.  The Conservative party will want to make plans to improve the UK economy, which has been faltering under the Brexit uncertainties.

Of course, we will not know what the full Budget will include but we do have some pointers from the relatively restrained Tory manifesto tax policies.  Against this will be the constraints set by the economy forecast as the Chancellor will need to be seen to be able to “balance the books” between taxes and spending.

Here is a reminder of the Conservative Party’s Manifesto tax policies:

Tax avoidance and evasion

The taxman has been getting tougher on tax avoidance and evasion and the policies are to get even tougher to tackle opportunities for aggressive tax avoidance with a new anti-tax avoidance and evasion law, which will: –

  • Increase the maximum prison term to 14 years for persons convicted of the worst examples of tax fraud.
  • Introduce a single Anti-Tax Evasion task force within HM Revenue & Customs to coordinate their fight across all Duties and Taxes, tackling errors and deliberate non-compliance.
  • Target specific areas of tax evasion such as the construction industry, illicit tobacco sales and multi-national companies whose arrangements avoid paying UK taxes

Business tax proposals

  • Cancel the proposed cuts to corporation tax and maintain the current rate of 19%
  • Review and reform Capital Gains Tax Entrepreneur’s Relief
  • Increase the National Insurance employment allowance for small businesses.
  • No increase to VAT
  • Increase the tax credit rate for Research and Development from 12% to 13%.
  • Implement the digital services tax.
  • Increase the structures and buildings allowance from 2% to 3% and encourage investment in physical building and equipment.
  • Maintain support for creative sector tax reliefs.
  • Abolish VAT on sanitary products (following exit from EU).
  • Reduce NICs for employers that employ ex-service personnel.
  • Conduct a review of the business rates system with the aim of reducing business rates. Cutting business tax rates for small retail businesses and for local music venues, pubs and small cinemas, was specifically highlighted. Extending business rates relief for local and regional newspapers was also noted.
  • Devolve responsibility for corporation tax to Northern Ireland and consider devolving short-haul passenger duty to Northern Ireland.
  • Create up to ten free ports around the UK.
  • Review of the apprenticeship levy.

Individual’s and Taxes: –

  • Guarantee not to increase income tax.
  • Guarantee not to increase National Insurance.
  • To increase the National Insurance threshold to £9,500 in April 2020, with a goal to ultimately increase the threshold to £12,500.
  • Introduce a 3% Stamp Duty Land Tax surcharge for non-UK resident purchasers of UK property.
  • Review and reform Capital Gains Tax Entrepreneurs’ Relief.
  • Review the tax anomaly whereby some workers earning between £10,000 and £12,500 on net pay pension schemes miss out on pension benefits.
  • Maintain the State Retirement Pension triple lock.

As always, the devil will be in the Budget detail.  There are however, some significant changes already planned from April 2020: –

IR35 and off-payroll workers in the private sector

IR35 and the related employed vs self-employed rules have been a pain in the tax man’s side since the rules were introduced in April 2000.  At last the tax man has found some leverage since April 2017 when he introduced new rules for off-payroll workers in the public sector.  The changes saw a shift in the responsibility for determining a contractor’s employment status and liability to PAYE tax and national insurance, from the worker, to the engaging public body.  The result is that many more workers engaged through their own personal service companies on public body contracts have now been forced to suffer PAYE tax and national insurance on their income.

The proposals are to introduce the same rules for personal service companies engaged by large and medium sized businesses from April 2020.  Whilst the government have launched a review of the new proposals, the very best outcome that can be expected would be a postponement until April 2021.

Businesses should still be preparing for the changes as if they will still go ahead from April 2020.

Further information can be found here: –

off-payroll workers

HMRC off-payroll workers rules from April 2020

HMRC Factsheet for Contractors

Capital Gains Tax and residential property

There are several important changes proposed from April 2020: –

Accelerated capital gains tax payment and reporting

For disposals of UK residential property that give rise to a taxable gain after April 2020, a return of the gain and payment of tax must be made within 30 days of the completion.

Restriction on Private Residence Relief

Under the current rules, where there is a disposal of a property that has been someone’s private residence, the last eighteen months of ownership qualify for relief regardless of whether someone has ‘resided’ in the property during that time.  From April 2020 this period will be reduced to 9 months and could bring unwelcome tax charges to the unwary, and perhaps the unlucky.

Goodbye lettings relief

Lettings relief applies where a residential property that qualified for private residence relief had also been rented out during the total period of ownership.  The tax charge arising on the rental period of ownership was relieved by up to £40,000 (per owner).  From April 2020 this relief will all but disappear apart from a few exceptional circumstances.

Contact Paul Southward.

Paul Southward's News Roundup

Updated KEY GUIDES now published – August 2019

Updated KEY GUIDES now published – August 2019



We have reviewed our series of KEY GUIDES and published updated versions where appropriate.

You can access the whole series of KEY GUIDES through the downloads in the Recent News section of our website here: –

KSK – Recent News

The latest amended versions are as follows: –

Buying and selling a business

  • Some stylistic tweaks have been carried out.

Investing tax efficiently

  • Some clarification on wording around the dividend allowance and current phase of property income interest relief changes.

Making Tax Digital

  • Rules surrounding when it is acceptable to record a collective invoice statement and when each transaction must be recorded separately are explained, and which businesses are affected.
  • Expanded list of businesses whose start date is deferred.

Working through personal service companies

  • Number of recent IR35 cases won by contractors updated to four, showing a growing trend for outcomes in favour of contractors.
  • The consultation regarding the extension of the IR35 rules to the private sector has been concluded.

You and yours – estate planning

  • The Office of Tax Simplification has published its review of IHT, which include the following proposals:
    • Combining the main annual exemption and wedding gifts exemption into an overall ‘personal gifts allowance’ of £11,900 a year, up from £3,000.
    • Removing the regularity requirement for gifts and introducing a personal allowance.
    • Replacing the exemption with a higher personal allowance.
    • Scrapping taper relief and reducing ‘look back’ for gifts from seven years to five years.

There are also some other important downloads added recently.  These include: –

Off-Payroll Workers in The Private Sector

HMRC’s latest challenge to the so called IR35 regime is extended from the Public Sector into the Private Sector with effect from April 2020.

VAT – New Rules for Construction Industry

Builders who are within the Construction Industry Scheme need to be aware of new rules for charging and accounting for VAT which are introduced from 1st October 2019.

Contact Paul Southward for further information.

Paul Southward

News Roundup Wednesday 21st August 2019

News Roundup Wednesday 21st August 2019



Is Scottish income tax progressive?

Lisa Tait of Anderson Anderson & Brown looks at Scottish income tax, considering whether it is progressive or hindering the economy north of the Border. Writing in the Press and Journal, she notes that Scottish income tax revenue grew by 1.8% in the 2017/18 tax year, with the growth driven primarily by an increase in contributions from higher and additional rate taxpayers – those earning above £43,000. She also highlights that while former chancellor Phillip Hammond used his last Budget to adjust the band for higher rate taxpayers south of the Border, Scottish Finance Secretary Derek Mackay has confirmed there will be no such adjustment to Scottish tax bands. HMRC and the Scottish Fiscal Commission have forecast that income tax receipts will grow faster in Scotland than the rest of the UK, Ms Tait notes.

The Press and Journal, The Business, Page: 4

Tax change warning for contractors

Johnston Carmichael ’s Alistair Miller has warned construction contractors of a need to take action ahead of VAT changes due to come into force on October 1, saying a shift that will see the main contractor responsible for declaring the VAT on services supplied by sub-contractors means firms involved in the construction industry “will need to review their supply chains ahead of time to consider how they will be impacted by the changes”. “VAT will disappear from working capital and cash flows will need to adjust to reflect this,” he adds.

The Press and Journal, Page: 33

Check out the KSK information download on VAT – NEW ACCOUNTING PROCEDURES FOR BUILDERS here:-

VAT – New Accounting Rules For Builders

OTS review looks to simplify IHT and CGT

Solicitor Kirsten McKinnon looks at the Office for Tax Simplification’s review of Inheritance Tax, which was published in July and put forward recommendations to make “substantive aspects of the design of IHT simpler, more intuitive and easier to operate”. She says that while the review “is a dry topic and not exactly headline-grabbing”, some of the recommendations regarding significant changes to the Inheritance Tax and Capital Gains Tax regimes are noteworthy.

The Press and Journal, The Business, Page: 11

Insight on EBTs

Writing in the Press and Journal, Michael Reid of Meston Reid & Co details HMRC’s approach when tax is due by a company in liquidation, particularly if an Employee Benefit Trust is involved, noting that liquidators have the ability to agree a company’s tax liability with HMRC.

The Press and Journal, Page: 18


Tilney and Smith & Williamson in merger talks

Several papers look at the news that Tilney is in negotiations with Smith & Williamson over a merger that, by the amount of assets under its control, would create a top-five player in the investment market, with the combined entity capable of offering services including financial planning, tax advice and money management to its private clients. The Times notes that a merger would have to be waved through by regulators at both the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority. The paper also offers a brief history of the firms, noting that Smith & Williamson acquired Begbies Traynor‘s tax advisory business in 2011.

The Times, Page: 36 The Daily Telegraph, Page: 26 Financial Times, Page: 13

Investor’s past raises due diligence questions

The Times’ Alex Ralph reveals that industrial investor Leonard Levie, who is at the centre of the collapsed Avlon drugs factory, owned British companies that failed owing money to unsecured creditors before he entered the medicines manufacturing business. This, he says, raises questions over the due diligence conducted by Big Pharma before doing business with Avara, Mr Levie’s contract drugs maker. Looking at Avara’s acquisitions and supply agreements agreed with drugs companies in recent years, Mr Ralph notes that two plants have collapsed already, with the Avlon plant appointing David Rubin & Partners as its administrator in February and a site in Shannon, Ireland, appointing joint provisional liquidators at KPMG and Edwin Kirker & Co last month.

The Times, Page: 39


Prices fall and sales climb

Figures from Rightmove show that the average property asking price fell 1%, or nearly £3,200, to £305,500 in the month to August 10. This follows a 0.2% fall in the previous month. While prices dipped, sales have reached their highest point since 2015, with the number of agreed sales up by 6.1% year-on-year.

The Times, Page: 34 The Guardian

Chancellor denies stamp duty reform

Chancellor Sajid Javid has refuted a suggestion that he is planning to shift the stamp duty burden from buyers to sellers, saying that while bold measures are needed on housing, “this isn’t one of them.” Following reports that the change to the levy was being considered, Mr Javid tweeted: “To be clear, I never said I was planning to put it on sellers and I wouldn’t support that.”

Financial Times The Sun, Page: 2


Chancellor urged to use RBS dividend for SME redress scheme

The SME Alliance has written to Chancellor Sajid Javid calling on him to use a £1bn Royal Bank of Scotland dividend to fund a compensation service for small companies mistreated by the banking industry. The organisation, which represents SMEs that are in dispute with financiers, has called for “tangible support” from the Treasury for the business banking resolution service, which is being set up by seven big banks and is due to be launched this year. It will be aimed at companies that are too large to access the Financial Ombudsman Service but are unable to afford court action to pursue claims.

The Times, Page: 41


Firms back US probe into France’s tech tax

Amazon and Facebook have backed a US hearing on whether France’s new digital tax unfairly affects American companies, a probe that could see the US apply tariffs on French wine and cheese. France’s new tax will target digital companies with global revenues of more than €750m (£685m), hitting them with a 3% tax on their French revenues. France is the first country to sign such a tax into law, while Britain is working on its own digital tax on the back of concerns over the amount of tax large online firms pay.

The Daily Telegraph, Page: 29

Greece to prioritise broad tax changes

Greece’s new finance minister Christos Staikouras says tax reforms will be his “key priority”, telling the FT of plans for “comprehensive” tax changes that are designed to accelerate growth.

Financial Times, Page: 6


Think tank: Higher pension age would boost the economy

The Centre for Social Justice think tank has suggested that the state pension age should be raised to 75 within the next 16 years to help boost the economy. While the state pension age is set to increase to 67 by 2028 and to 68 by 2046, the organisation believes it should climb to 70 by 2028 and 75 by 2035. In its report, Ageing Confidently: Supporting an ageing workforce, the think tank says evidence suggests the UK is “not responding to the needs and potential” of an ageing workforce, with hundreds of thousands of people aged 50 to 64 seen as “economically inactive”. The report says that by getting more people aged 55 to 64 to start work, out-of-work benefit costs would be drastically reduced and boost GDP by approximately 9% – around £182bn.

Daily Mail, Page: 2 The I, Page: 10 The Independent, Page: 12


Blue-chip bosses suffer pay cuts as top companies reel from investor revolts

Analysis by Deloitte shows that FTSE 100 CEO pay has fallen to its lowest level in five years, with median pay hitting £3.4m in the last financial year – down from £4m the year before.

Financial Times, Page: 1

8 in 10 workers offered flexibility

The Scotsman looks at the productivity of the UK workforce and notes Deloitte research which shows that 78% of UK employees were offered flexible working as a benefit at their current or most recent employer.

The Scotsman, Page: 33

Contact Paul Southward.

Paul Southward

Business Update August 2019

Business Update August 2019


The latest edition of our Business Update series is now available

Whilst our politicians revel in their own inabilities to govern, just like father time tax changes march on.


Our latest July/August newsletter address several work-related issues. In our feature story, we highlight recent changes in employment law including the right of all workers to detailed payslips recording their hours worked, helping to enforce compliance on weekly and nightly working limits. The status of EU nationals, consultation on the role of non-disclosure agreements in the workplace and pay and gender gap reporting are also under the spotlight.


The IR35 rules have also come under scrutiny as some major tribunal cases have found against HMRC and in favour of contractors. Although the examples we’ve seen are for TV presenters, the principles in each case set a precedent for workers in other industries. With IR35 still pegged to roll out to the private sector next year, there are still serious questions about the accuracy of HMRC’s tools and processes.


There are important changes for individuals who supply their services through a personal service company and the contractors who engage them.  Read our article outlining the changes and making recommendations in preparation for them.  Download here: –

Off-Payroll Workers


Meanwhile Making Tax Digital for VAT has taken off, but not without a few complications. Some software packages may not deliver all you require for your digital reporting so make sure your IT system has the functionality you need.


  • Could you be using simplified expenses? – Sole traders and partnerships can opt to use the simplified expenses rules. Find out if it could work for your business.
  • A question of property – Cuts to the tax relief rules for principal private residence and letting relief are coming in from next April in the latest round of changes to hit landlords.

Download a copy of our latest Business Update here:-

Business Update – Autumn 2019

If you have any queries arising ion connection with any of the issues covered, contact Paul Southward or your usual KSK contact.

Paul Southward

Tax Alert 30th April 2019 – should you invest in Furnished Holiday Letting?

Tax Alert 30th April 2019 – should you invest in Furnished Holiday Letting?



Residential landlords have certainly been taking a tax bashing over recent years.  Many landlords may now need to assess whether they can continue with so many tax charges now levied upon them.  It comes as no surprise that attention is focusing on different ways in which to invest in property.  One area that has been grabbing attention is Furnished Holiday Letting (FHL).


There is no question that if you have a property that can be let under the conditions to qualify for FHL, there are some attractive tax benefits.

Unfortunately, for many existing landlords FHL will not be a quick fix, as there are strict rules for meeting the FHL qualifying conditions.

The main clue lies with the description holiday letting, rather than having a few long-term tenants, the property must have multiple short lets.


Your existing property may not be suitable to qualifying for FHL but if you are a prospective investor or an existing investor looking to invest in a new property, FHL may be worth considering.  Perhaps you already own or have inherited a holiday property that you are not making full use of, with a bit of planning you may be able to turn it into a profitable business.


If you are looking for further information about FHL, Paul Southward has produced two guides to provide you with more information about FHL, the rules and the tax advantages.

The topic of FHL has recently become hot gossip at the moment but as is often the case they may not always be painting the full picture.

For a summary of the qualifying conditions for FHL, download Paul’s guide here:-

FHL – Qualifying Conditions

And for a summary of the main tax advantages see Paul’s guide here: –

FHL – Tax Benefits

For more information contact Paul Southward.

Paul Southward

Tax Alert – proposed changes to Capital Gains Tax and Personal Residences

Tax Alert – proposed changes to Capital Gains Tax and Personal Residences

Capital Gains Tax


Proposed changes to Capital Gains Tax and Personal Residences

Private residence relief consultation

HMRC is consulting until 1 June 2019 on changes announced at Budget 2018 and due to take effect from April 2020, which reduce the final-period exemption from 18 months to 9 months and limit lettings relief to circumstances where owners are in shared occupancy with their tenants. The consultation also considers changes to other ‘ancillary’ aspects of the private residence relief rules.

The changes are to ensure the reliefs are properly targeted at owner-occupiers.

The final-period exemption currently means that where a property has been occupied as the owner’s only or main residence, the final 18 months of ownership always qualifies for relief regardless of the property’s use. The 36-month final exemption for disabled persons and those resident in a care home will not be affected by the changes.

Lettings relief, which applies where part or all of a main residence is let as residential accommodation, will not be available after April 2020 for periods where owners move out of the property and no longer share occupation with tenants, unless covered by one of the ancillary reliefs, such as job-related absences.

The other changes being considered include:

  • extending job-related accommodation relief to service personnel in accommodation not technically provided by the MOD, but rented in the private sector as part of the MOD’s future accommodation model pilot due to take place in 2019;
  • legislating for the concession, which allows an extension of the period for individuals to nominate one property as a main residence, where they have an interest in more than one property having only a negligible capital value, and they were unaware that such a nomination could be made;
  • legislating for concession, which allows for short delays in taking up residence, such as where an individual acquires land on which they have a house built, or have alterations or redecorations carried out before moving into a property purchased as an only or main residence; and
  • reforming the rules on spouse/civil partner transfers, which currently allow the receiving spouse to count any period where the residence was occupied as a main residence by their spouse as their own, and instead treat the receiving spouse as having inherited the ownership period and the use to which the property had been put in the past, regardless of whether it is a main residence at the time of transfer.

Following this consultation, the government expects to publish its response and draft legislation in the summer.

To keep up to date with all the latest tax issues, contact Paul Southward.

Paul Southward

News update extra Friday 5th April 2019

News update extra Friday 5th April 2019



IFS hits out at stealth taxes

Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) analysis has found that around 1m people are losing more than £1bn in tax allowances. The research shows that the Government freezing the salary threshold at £100,000 has seen an extra 340,000 people have their income tax personal allowance withdrawn over the past decade, taking the total number affected to 986,000. If ministers had increased the £100,000 threshold in line with inflation these people would have been paying more than £1bn less in tax. The figures also show that the threshold being frozen at £150,000 since 2008 means 110,000 extra people have been pulled into the highest 45% tax rate, taking the total to 428,000. The IFS said “stealth” taxes have moved from being the “rare exception to being commonplace.” The IFS added the “most perverse case of all” was the reduction in the pension annual allowance for high-income individuals, saying: “In some cases, people with pension contributions in excess of £40,000 can face a marginal tax rate of more than 100%,” adding that they “would actually be worse off if they increased their earnings.” IFS director Paul Johnson said: “Recent governments have, rather stealthily, increased tax rates on high earners and the number of people facing high marginal rates of tax. If government thinks there is a case for more high-income people to pay more tax, it should be upfront about that view.” Elsewhere, City AM calls for a rethink of tax bands, saying that while a “long-overdue attempt” to prevent workers with modest lifestyles from falling into the 40p tax bracket by lifting the threshold should be applauded, “static thresholds continue to trap a growing number of employees.”

The Daily Telegraph, Page: 8 Daily Mail, Page: 75 City AM, Page: 2

Threshold change widens tax gap

Scottish workers earning under £27,000 – which equates to around 55% of the country’s taxpayers – will contribute less income tax than their counterparts elsewhere in the UK when new income tax thresholds are implemented on April 6. However, those earning more than this will pay more than taxpayers south of the Border. While Chancellor Philip Hammond raised the top rate of income tax to earnings over £50,000, Scottish Finance Secretary Derek Mackay announced in October that the point at which the higher rate kicks would be frozen at £43,430. The change effectively widens the gap between Scotland and the UK for higher rate taxpayers, who pay 41% in Scotland compared to 40% in the UK.

Daily Express

Loan charge delay call

A number of MPs have backed calls for a six-month delay to the loan charge and an independent inquiry, with Justine Greening saying: “The approach HMRC has taken has been punitive rather than proportionate.” Elsewhere, Dawn Register of BDO commented: “This controversial tax charge has not received sufficient Parliamentary scrutiny.” She added: “With MPs’ time dominated by Brexit it is hardly surprising, however the flurry of evidence and activity in recent weeks suggests that more time is needed to consider the impact of the measure.” Meanwhile, the Loan Charge Action Group has called for the charge to be forward-looking rather than retrospective.

Financial Times BBC News

Pension tax break cuts risk crippling the NHS

The FT looks at the impact regulations restricting tax relief on pension contributions for higher earners are having on the NHS, with senior doctors opting to reduce hours or retire early.

Financial Times, Page: 10

UC impact on tax credit claimants revealed

A study by HMRC and the Department for Work and Pensions into how tax credit claimants coped with a shift to universal credit found that 60% of those who reported struggling financially said their difficulties began when they made the move.

The Guardian, Page: 23 Daily Mirror, Page: 2


The new tax year starts on 6th April and we have reviewed the tax changes that come into effect this April and you can check these out in the downloads below..

Personal tax changes

2019-20 Personal Tax Changes

Business tax changes

2019-20 Business Tax Changes


BBC criticised over pay arrangements

The Commons Public Accounts Committee has said the BBC’s “muddled and chaotic” handling of freelance pay arrangements caused misery and hardship for staff. The report comes amid claims the BBC told freelancers to set up personal service companies so it could avoid paying millions in national insurance, with HMRC subsequently chasing staff over unpaid tax bills. The BBC’s attempt to reach an agreement with HMRC that would see it settle all outstanding cases with a lump-sum payment is taking longer than expected, the committee noted.

The Times, Page: 48 The Guardian, Page: 15 The Sun, Page: 4

Stores hit by online rivals

The Daily Mail reflects on a report which shows that one in eight high street stores are empty, saying “ruthless competition from tax-avoiding internet firms” has taken its toll. The editorial says such firms “pay microscopic sums to HMRC” and as they operate out-of-town warehouses “they avoid the suffocating business rates”.

Daily Mail, Page: 16

Pottery firm collapses

Pottery manufacturer Dudson has collapsed, with over 300 jobs lost. Of the 390 staff employed at the firm, 72 “will be retained to support the closing down of the business”. Administrator PwC said “a deterioration in sales and increased costs” had hit the business.

The Times, Page: 48


Late payment pain for small firms

Sathnam Sanghera in the Times looks at the impact late payment has on SMEs. He notes Federation of Small Businesses analysis which suggests about 50,000 businesses fail every year due to larger firms neglecting to settle bills, while Lloyds Banking Group research suggests that 65% of firms which report their payment practices took more than 30 days to settle invoices and 21% took more than 50 days. Mr Sanghera also points to a Small Business Commissioner report showing that a third of payments to small businesses are late, 20% of small firms have experienced cash flow problems due to late payments, and that the economy would see an annual boost of £2.5bn if bills were settled promptly. Meanwhile, the Cabinet Office has written to Government suppliers saying they risk being barred from future public sector work if they fail to pay subcontractors on time.

The Times, Page: 43 Financial Times, Page: 2


Sales up but dip not offset

The latest BDO high street sales tracker shows that like-for-like in-store sales rose by 4.8% in March, with the increase not strong enough to rebound from a 10.1% dip seen in March 2018. The data also shows that online sales rose 18.7%, up on the 11% growth recorded a year ago. BDO’s Sophie Michael commented: “Retailers continue to trade on paper-thin margins and the impact of further increases in business rates and staffing costs will only add to the fears of further possible high street casualties.”

The Times, Page: 42 City AM, Page: 3 Yorkshire Post, Page: 9

Hiring slows

The monthly Report on Jobs by KPMG and the Recruitment and Employment Confederation shows that the number of permanent job appointments in March fell to its lowest level since immediately after the 2016 referendum. The survey of 400 UK employment consultancies found that permanent appointments dropped for the second time in three months in March and at the steepest rate since July 2016, with political uncertainty said to have played a part. James Stewart, vice chair at KPMG, said: “Brexit has been sapping business confidence for months, and now it is causing the jobs market to grind to a halt.” “With unclear conditions ahead, many companies have hit the pause button on new hires,” he added.

The Times, Page: 48 The Sun, Page: 51 Yorkshire Post, Page: 4

Contact Paul Southward.

Paul Southward

Tax Alert Friday 5th April 2019

Tax Alert Friday 5th April 2019



Non-UK Resident owners of UK property need to be aware of new changes

With effect from 6th April 2019 non-UK residents must pay tax on all UK land disposals – both residential and commercial.

They must file a non-resident capital gains tax return and pay any tax due within 30 days of sale.


All non-UK residents who own interests in UK land or property need to be aware of theses changes.  Professional advisers: Solicitors, Estate Agents and Land Agents need also need to be aware so that they can provide the necessary guidance.  KSK are able to assist with all UK tax matters relating to the disposals of property and should be your first point of call if queries arise.  Prospective sellers need to be aware that they will have to file a non-residential capital gains tax return with HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) and pay any tax due within a very tight time frame.


HMRC will seek to charge penalties for late returns and payments of tax.


For disposals of commercial property, as the new rules only come into effect from 6th April 2019, it is only the growth in the property value from 6th April 2019 that will be taxable.  Non-UK resident owners of UK commercial property may wish to consider obtaining valuations at 6th April 2019 so as to accurately calculate any future capital gains tax and possibly avoid later disputes with HMRC.


The new legislation applies to all disposals of UK property owned by non-UK residents.  A non-resident capital gains tax return is required even where there is a capital gains tax due.  HMRC will impose penalties even for “NIL” returns.


Professional advisers and non-UK resident owners of UK properties who have any queries regarding the new rules can contact Paul Southward for further guidance.

Paul Southward


The new tax year starts on 6th April and we have reviewed the tax changes that come into effect this April and you can check these out in the downloads below..

Personal tax changes

2019-20 Personal Tax Changes

Business tax changes

2019-20 Business Tax Changes




News Roundup Thursday 4th April 2019

News Roundup Thursday 4th April 2019



Half a million over-65s pay too much tax

Around 520,000 older workers could be paying unnecessary tax on their state pension as they have not taken up the option of deferring it until they stop work, analysis from insurance specialists Royal London shows. It is suggested that those who defer can potentially get an extra 5.8% a year on their pension for the rest of their life for each year they defer. Sir Steve Webb, director of policy at Royal London, said: “There has been a huge increase in the number of people working past 65, and most are claiming their state pension as soon as it is available. If their earnings are enough to support them, it makes sense to consider deferring taking a state pension so that less of their pension disappears in tax.”

The Independent, Page: 59 The Daily Telegraph, Page: 2 The Times, Page: 4 I, Page: 11 Daily Mirror, Page: 24 Daily Mail, Page: 21 Daily Express, Page: 2 Yorkshire Post, Page: 4

Super-rich pay 10% IHT

Analysis of HMRC data following a freedom of information request by asset manager Canada Life shows that estates worth £10m or more paid an average of 10% inheritance tax in the 2015/16 tax year compared with 20% tax paid by estates worth £2m to £3m. Neil Jones, market development manager at Canada Life, said the richest people often had access to “myriad potential solutions in an adviser’s kitbag” to help mitigate IHT, adding that the difference in net tax rates “isn’t always down to the value of the estate or the type of assets held … It’s often about a willingness to plan.”

The Guardian, Page: 35

EU: Britain gave illegal tax breaks to multinational firms

The European Commission has ruled that a tax scheme introduced in 2012 by then -chancellor George Osborne gave illegal tax breaks to some multinational companies. Officials say the scheme “unduly exempted certain multinational groups from… UK rules targeting tax avoidance”. Margrethe Vestager, competition and policy boss for the European Commission, said a probe into the Group Financing Exemption found that the UK “gave certain multinationals a selective advantage by granting them an unjustified exemption from UK anti–tax avoidance rules. This is illegal under EU State aid rules. The UK must now recover the undue tax benefits.”

City AM Financial Times, Page: 3

Probate changes will see ‘death tax’ on shares

Critics say changes to probate fees could discourage investment in shares listed on the LSE’s Alternative Investment Market, wherein certain stocks qualify for “business relief ” and so are exempt from inheritance tax.

The Daily Telegraph

Cuts to UK pension tax breaks drive NHS doctors to retire early

Health Minister Jackie Doyle-Price has revealed that the 2016 cuts to pension tax breaks for high earners resulted in 2,000 NHS GPs taking early retirement between 2016 and 2018.

Financial Times, Page: 2

Workers boosted by allowance increase

The Daily Mail’s Sylvia Morris looks at the start of the new tax year, noting that the personal allowance for income tax is rising to £12,500, with Deloitte calculating that around 26m workers who pay the basic rate of tax will keep an extra £130 in their pockets over the year.

Daily Mail, Page: 47

Tax warning for royal baby

Fox Business host Ashley Webster has warned that Meghan Markle and Prince Harry’s child faces US tax liabilities as an adult if it has US citizenship.

Daily Express


The new tax year starts on 6th April and we have reviewed the tax changes that come into effect this April and you can check these out in the downloads below..

Personal tax changes

2019/20 Personal Tax Changes

Business tax changes

2019/20 Business Tax Changes


Reeves accuses the Big Four of ‘anti-competitive’ behaviour

Rachel Reeves, chair of the business select committee, has accused EY, PwC, KPMG and Deloitte of “anti-competitive” behaviour, saying under-pricing has made it “very difficult for challenger firms to compete”. Writing in City AM, Ms Reeves also says the audit and consultancy arms of the Big Four should be divided to address a “lack of competition and quality.” She calls for a tougher regulator to replace the “passive and ineffective” Financial Reporting Council. In a counter argument, Maggie McGhee, executive director of governance at the ACCA, says dividing the audit and consultancy arms of the Big Four “will hinder access” to the specialist expertise they need to audit complex multinational companies.

Financial Times, Page: 2 City AM, Page: 19

Professor: Break up the Big Four

Karthik Ramanna, professor of business and public policy at Oxford University’s Blavatnik School of Government, agrees that the BEIS is right to champion the return of prudence to corporate reporting. Elsewhere, James Moore in the I looks at calls for EY, PwC, KPMG and Deloitte to be broken up, saying that while there are compelling arguments for doing so, “they’ve been that way for years and people have been talking about it for years.” He says that while the matter seems to be regularly up for discussion, “when it comes to action … Now is never the time.”

Financial Times I, Page: 39 The Independent

Debt repayment policy questioned

The Sun reports that people who owe money to HMRC are being left to pay more upfront than they need, saying a “deliberately misleading policy” is seeing tax officials fail to mention the minimum amount they would accept to set up instalment plans for outstanding tax bills. Patrick Sullivan, of the Parliament Street think tank, said “bullying” tax chiefs are “raking in cash from those who are struggling the most.” He added that staff “should be instructed to give honest advice in the best interests of the taxpayer.” John O’Connell, of the TaxPayers’ Alliance, commented: “A twisted and complicated tax system means people sometimes fail to make payments, especially the self-employed. Staff must not force people into doing something they don’t need to.”

The Sun, Page: 11


Office Outlet closures announced

Stationery retailer Office Outlet has confirmed 16 store closures following its collapse into administration – leaving 161 jobs at risk. Office Outlook stores set to close on April 7 include those in Newcastle, Plymouth and Stratford, while those set to close on April 10 include outlets in Cardiff, Manchester and Old Kent Road in London. Deloitte’s Richard Hawes, joint administrator, commented: “While we are still open to a sale of the business in part or in whole, we cannot continue trading all the stores indefinitely in an administration process.”

I, Page: 39 Daily Mail, Page: 69 City AM

Bolton in High Court fixture

Bolton Wanderers are due in the High Court today where they face a winding-up petition from HMRC for £1.2m in unpaid tax and other debts.

The Times, Page: 65 The Guardian, Page: 47 The Daily Telegraph, Sport, Page: 7 Daily Star, Page: 42 Daily Mail, Page: 78 Daily Mirror, Page: 51


Banks could extend small business disputes scheme

The banking industry will consider extending the scope of a new redress scheme for business owners. As well as a dispute resolution service , on which banks are working with representatives of small businesses, a new scheme will allow the owners of small companies to ask for past grievances against banks to be examined where their complaint has not been assessed by a previous compensation scheme. A spokeswoman for UK Finance, the banking industry trade body, said that the steering group setting up the schemes would consider looking at complaints going back to January 2000. Lewis Shand Smith, the independent chairman of the dispute resolution service implementation steering group, said that the service would be “key to rebuilding a relationship of trust between banks and their small business customers”.

The Times, Page: 47


CBRE: Brexit fails to daunt inward property investment

Martin Samworth, international president of commercial property services group CBRE, believes that inward investment in property is “as strong as ever”. He says that despite Brexit uncertainty, international investment in the UK continues thanks to a strong appetite from Korea, America and the Middle East. He adds that international investors are increasingly setting their sights on regional cities such as Manchester and Birmingham in both commercial real estate and residential, while new infrastructure is also gaining in popularity.

Daily Mail


UK inflation highest of G7 countries, OECD says

Britain’s annual inflation rate was the highest of the G7 countries in February, according to data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), due partly to the fall in the value of the pound pushing up the cost of imported goods. The UK inflation rate hit 1.8% in February, compared to the Eurozone’s 1.5%.

City AM

Brexit puts the brakes on UK construction

The UK construction sector contracted again in March, according to IHS Markit and the Chartered Institute of Purchasing and Supply (CIPS) construction purchasing managers’ index, which stood at 49.7 for the month – down from 49.5 in February and the first consecutive fall in output since August 2016. Notably, commercial construction was the worst performing area – with widespread reports of continuing Brexit uncertainty leading to lower client demand. Jonathan White at KPMG said: “It’s going to be a similar story for the months to come as we wait for more clarity to help make informed business decisions.”

City AM Financial Times, Page: 3 The Daily Telegraph, Business, Page: 3


No charge for striker

Brighton footballer Glenn Murray and his wife will face no criminal charges over an alleged £1.1m tax fraud, although HMRC have not ruled out a further investigation into the matter.

Daily Star, Page: 17 The Sun, Page: 11

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Paul Southward

Tax Changes from 6th April 2019

Tax Changes from 6th April 2019


The new tax year begins on 6th April 2019 and with comes some changes to personal taxes.  In our latest download we highlight some of the more important changes.


The changes include: –

  • Increase to the personal allowance
  • An extension to the higher rate threshold
  • Inheritance tax changes
  • Increases to the student loan thresholds
  • Junior ISA increase
  • Workplace pensions get a revamp,
  • The changes affecting private resident [buy-to-let] landlords continue.


To get a full summary of the changes just click on the link below:

Tax Changes 6 April 2019


Making tax digital (MTD) for VAT officially started from 1st April 2019

MTD is the long-term project to modernise the UK tax system and to bring tax compliance fully into the digital age. The ultimate goal is for all regular transmissions of data between taxpayers and HMRC to be performed digitally, and where possible automatically, through accounting software.

This will take many years to achieve. HMRC needs to improve its own internal systems and provide new digital services to taxpayers for full digitisation of the tax system to be achieved. MTD for business is being introduced tax by tax, not by business size or type. Eventually, each business will have to submit separate MTD reports for the taxes it pays to HMRC.

To find out more about MTD for VAT just click on the link below:



For disposals after 6th April 2019, the minimum period for which certain conditions must be met to qualify for entrepreneur’s relief will be two years.

The one-year rule remains where the claimant’s business ceased, or his personal company ceased to be a trading company before 29th October 2019

Personal Company – new definition (for shares disposed of from 29th October 2018)

In addition to the existing share capital and voting rights conditions, a company will also have to satisfy two further conditions to qualify as an individual’s personal company.

The new conditions require the individual to be beneficially entitled to at least 5% of the company’s distributable profits and at least 5% of its assets available for distribution to equity holders in a winding-up.

The second change, expected to apply to disposals on or after 6 April 2019, is that the minimum period throughout which the relevant conditions (depending on the type of disposal) must be satisfied is to be increased from one to two years, although the new two year rule will not apply to businesses that ceased before 29 October 2018 where entrepreneurs’ relief is claimed in respect of the sale of an asset or shares within three years of the cessation.

Alphabet Shares?

There were concerns that the new rules would create issues for companies with alphabet shares.  After lobbying a late amendment was introduced.

The new test asks: “will the shareholder be entitled to at least 5% of the proceeds in the event of the disposal of the whole company?”

The new hypothetical sale test only applies to disposals made from 21st December 2019.

Entrepreneur’s “banking” from 6th April 2019

  • Applies when individual loses entitlement to ER as holding falls below 5% threshold due to a new share issue.
  • Elect to treat shares as disposed of immediately.
  • Deemed disposal at MV [with no discount for minority holding].
  • Resulting gain eligible for ER.
  • Shares reacquired at same MV.
  • Can postpone the ER gain until the year you actually sell the shares.


Not only are our tax rules complex but they are constantly changing.  To ensure that you do not get caught out with an unnecessarily excessive tax bill you should always consult with an expert before making changes that may give rise to tax charges.  To ensure you do not get caught out, contact Paul Southward.  Initial consultations are without charge or obligation.  You have nothing to lose and potentially lots to gain form talking with us first.